Bing Cherry Tree
Bing Cherry Tree
The Bing cherry is one of the most popular type of sweet cherries. In fact the bing cherry is one of the most popular types of cherries altogether. It is large, heart-shaped and dark-red to blackish in color. The riper the cherry, the darker it is. The Bing cherry tree is native to Oregon State in the Pacific Northwest and is still widelyly cultivated there. It is also widely grown in other parts of the country.
The Bing cherry tree is actually a result of cross-breeding of the Republican cherry by Seth Lewelling who was a horticulturist. It is said that the cherry got its name from Seth’s long time Chinese worker Ah Bing.
The Bing cherry tree is a deciduous tree, it sheds its leaves once a year during the autumn season. It can be grown from a seed or from grafts. Fully grown, its height can exceed 20 feet and width of 15 feet. To bear fruit, the tree must be cross-pollinated. Cross pollination is required for most fruit trees so that they can bear good fruit. Cross-pollination is simply the transfer of pollen from one type of tree to a different type of tree.
The Bing cherry tree can be cross-pollinated with several types of trees such as Rainier cherry tree, Black Tartarian cherry, Van cherry or the Republican cherry. It does not cross-pollinate well with sweet cherry varieties like Royal Ann or Lambert. Some people suggest that it can be cross-pollinated with a sour cherry variety like the Montmorency cherry. The Bing cherry does not self-pollinate and cannot be pollinated by another Bing cherry tree. It therefore should be grown near other types of cherry trees.
The bing cherry tree thrives in warm climates with good sunlight. They grow in many different types of soils, but the soil should be acidic, well drained and fertile. The winters should be very cold and frosty. Bing cherries are in season from the beginning of June to the mid-August. The fruits from a Bing cherry tree are highly perishable and need to be eaten soon after ripening. They should not be harvested during the rainy season as the rain falling on ripe fruits causes them to split open.
It is best to harvest Bing cherries when they have ripened. They will continue to ripen if they are picked when they are relatively ripe, but if they are very immature at the time of picking, they will not ripen. Besides being grown for fruit, bing cherry trees are also grown for aesthetic purposes as they are very beautiful looking trees.
The bing cherry tree as well as other cherry trees are attacked by pest such as the black cherry aphid, the cherry slug, the cherry fruit fly and the cherry fruit worm, to name a few. Pesticides should be used on the trees regularly from a month before the harvest up to harvest time.
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