Black Tartarian Cherry
The black tartarian cherry is a large heart-shaped variety of cherry. When unripe, the cherry is red, but when ripe the fruit is a very dark purple—so dark it almost looks black to the casual observer. The flesh inside is also very dark and tastes deliciously sweet with a hint of acidity, which makes it ideal for jams and jellies. The cherry is available to buy from May through to September.
The tartarian cherry tree is a very productive tree that will produce plenty of fruit under the right growing conditions. In the spring, the tree exhibits lots of pretty pink or white blossoms followed by a crop of fruit. The tartarian cherry tree is not suited to warmer climates as the fruit needs a long chilling period. It does, however, grow well in the northern states of the U.S.
Planting a black tartarian cherry tree is a great investment if you are willing to spend a little time and effort cultivating the tree, and if you do, your reward will be a prosperous crop of tasty black tartarian cherries in the summer time.
The tree should be planted in the spring after the last frost of the winter has passed because the tartarian cherry tree is very susceptible to frost. You need to pick a location that enjoys at least six hours of direct sunlight per day, as the tartarian cherry tree relies on sunlight to grow and flourish. If you are intending to plant more than one tree, make sure that you plant them at least 30 to 40 feet apart, as they can grow as tall as 40 feet.
Once the tree has been planted, it needs to be kept well watered until it is fully established. It is also a good idea to mulch the tree to conserve water around the roots and create a physical barrier against possible disease. The cherry tree requires minimal pruning once it is well established, since it produces a sweet fruit and therefore has a moderate growth rate during its lifetime.
Black tartarian dwarf cherry trees are a popular choice for gardeners. A black tartarian dwarf cherry tree will attain a height of 12-15 feet and width as well once it reaches maturity. The cherry tree prefers sandy soil, but will tolerate most soil types as long as they are well drained. The tree does not tolerate drought, so in exceptionally dry conditions, it will need some watering.
One important consideration to be aware of with black tartarian cherry trees is that unlike some other varieties of cherry trees that self pollinate or pollinate from the same species, the tartarian cherry tree must be cross pollinated by another species of sweet cherries, for example, Bing, Dwarf North Star, Montmorency, or Stella.
Beehives are useful for cherry growers as the cherry tree is seldom pollinated by wind and usually requires a pollinator to do the job properly. If you have enough wild bees in your area, you will have no problems. Alternatively, you can take fresh blooming branches cut from the cross pollinating species of cherry tree, place them in a bucket of water, and them hang them in the black tartarian cherry tree.
Of course everyone knows about the great health benefits that go along with eating cherries and drinking cherry juice, so the black tartarian has more than just its great taste going for it.